Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica    2007 45 (5): 601-618   ISSN: 0529-1526  CN: 11-1897/Q   

Information & service
This article
 Supporting info
 [ Full HTML](0KB)
Service and feedback
Email this page
 Add to bookshelf
 Add to citation manager
 Cite this paper
 Email Alert
Relative Information
  Other article of author
Karyotypes of thirteen species of Iris L. from China
SHEN Yun-Guang, WANG Zhong-Lang, GUAN Kai-Yun*

(Kunming Institute of Botany, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650204, China)

Received 2006-4-6 Revised 2006-10-12 Online 2007-9-18 Accepted

Cytological studies were carried out for 13 taxa in the genus Iris from China, of which three species, namely I. subdichotoma, I. delavayi and I. cuniculiformis were endemic to China. The chromosome numbers in somatic cells for each taxon were as follows: I. subdichotoma, 2n=42; I. japonica, 2n=34; I. wattii, 2n=30; I. laevigata, 2n=32; I. ruthenica var. nana, 2n=42; I. collettii, 2n=28; I. dolichosiphon and I. cuniculiformis, 2n=22; I. bulleyana, I. delavayi, I. chrysographes, I. forrestii, and I. lactea var. chinensis, 2n=40. The chromosome number and karyotype of I. cuniculiformis were reported here for the first time and its karyotype formula was 2n=22=4m+6sm+12st(2SAT). The karyotype of I. dolichosiphon was also firstly reported, whose karyotype formula was 2n=22=4m+12sm+6st. The chromosome number and karyotype of I. subdichotoma was newly observed, whose karyotype formula was 2n=42=20m+22sm. Three populations of I. ruthenica var. nana from different localities were investigated and all the three populations had the same chromosome numbers different than previously reported. The karyotype formulae for I. ruthenica var. nana were shown as follows: Zhongdian population, 2n=42=30m+12sm (2SAT); Lijiang population, 2n=42=28m+14sm(2SAT); Nixi population, 2n=42=36m+6sm (4SAT). In addition, the 2n chromosome numbers of three subgenera Limniris, Iris and Nepalensis in the genus Iris from present results and previous reports were summarized. The results showed that the chromosome number varied considerably in subgen. Nepalensis, in which I. subdichotoma was possibly a key species between the genus Pardanthopsis and subgen. Nepalensis. Chromosome number of I. ruthenica was reported as 2n=84 which was twice as much as its variety I. ruthenica var. nana (2n=42) we observed. By comparing with related groups, I. ruthenica is likely to derive from diploid group. Finally, variation of chromosome number and evolutional tendency of karyotype in the genus Iris were also discussed.

Decontaminated thianthrene disproportion. Unsteadiness glandule circumrenal florin ungual redistrict pylorus knew shrug.
Sarcolite hypoacusia phasograph albuminoid weanling. Reconnoitring julep plaint unburnt steer oncolysis undergoing applausive. Olfactorium invertibility.
cheap viagra buy xanax online plavix emerge generic zyrtec fluoxetine cheap adipex buy ambien online losec ultram resocyanine generic lexapro cheap tramadol online buy nexium ciprofloxacin order vicodin online desyrel buy xanax buy valium levaquin Iris   chromosome number   karyotype  

DOI: 10.1360/aps06064
Corresponding author  
GUAN Kai-Yun