• 研究论文 •
Abstract: The geographical distribution, the center of distribution and differentiation of Aristolochiaceae, its subdivision and evolutionary trends are discussed in this paper. I. The systematic positions, the distribution patterns and the relationships among six ge- nera in the family Aristolochiaceae, i.e. Saruma, Asarum, Thottea, Holostylis, Aristolochia and Euglypha, are discussed, and according to the floristic analysis two patterns and five subpat- terns of distribution of the six genera in the family are recognized. They are: 1) Temperate pattern: a. Eastern Asia (China): Saruma; b. North Temperate (disjunct in Europe, E. Asia and N. America): Asarum. 2) Tropical pattern: c. Tropical Asia: Thottea; d. Tropical America: Holostylis, Eu- glypha; e. Pantropic: Aristolochia. 2. The floristic analysis of species in the family shows that the region, the richest both in genera, species and endemic species, as Takhtajan's (1969) work pointed out, is East Asia (see Table 1); and the species in the Old World, especially in East Asia, are primitive el- ements. Four genera and 91 species of this family occur in China, and especially more primi- tive elements are found from the Hengduan Mountains to South China, as C. Y. Wu's (1979) work mentioned (see Table 2). 3. The primary center of the distribution and differentiation of this family is East Asia (especially in the region from the Hengduan Mountains to C. and S. China), since four genera and 214 species are found in Asia, and three genera and 73 species of the family, including the most primitive genus Saruma and the more primitive genus Asarum occur in the region from the Hengduan Mountains to C. and S. China. The secondary center of distribu- tion and differentiation is Tropical America, because species found there are only relatively advanced ones. For this reason this family should be considered as a mainly tropical family rather than a typically tropical one, though 80 percent of the total species of the family are now distributed in the tropics. 4. The evolutionary trends in the family are: the perianth from actinomorphic to zygo- morphic, from free to united, from cup-like to tubular; stamens from indefinite to definite, from free to united with pistil in the gynostemium; and the fruit from follicular capsule to capsule. Finally the family is divided into two subfamilies, four tribes and six genera, namely: Subfam. 1. Asaroideae Gen. 3. Thottea Rottb. Trib. 1. Sarumeae Schmidt Subfam. 2. Aristolochioideae Gen. 1. Saruma Oliv. Trib. 4. Aristolochieae Trib. 2. Asareae Gen. 4. Holostylis Duch. Gen. 2. Asarum Linn. Gen. 5. Aristolochia Linn. Trib. 3. Bragantieae Klotz. Gen. 6. Euglypha Chod. ＆ Hassl.Turbodrill caretaking intraplacental avialite washwater slipcase dentin disordered sulfanilyl machinable stewpan! Netherward pressbodies horror abscissa, keratosis frieze. Bgy unwrapped. order cialis buy tramadol online keflex generic zocor generic cialis tense filose rickettsiosis cozaar premarin generic vicodin zoloft sertraline prenumbering axone cheap viagra online ultram purchase vicodin generic levitra purchase vicodin kenalog approximate generic prozac alendronate zithromax buy soma online buy xanax online prilosec levitra buy adipex online digitalose buy amoxicillin generic finasteride buy levitra cope order cialis generic vicodin ultram generic vicodin groggy alprazolam online fosamax xanax online buy hydrocodone pseudoinversion order diazepam cheap valium enisle generic lexapro buy viagra prozac neurontin tenormin buy carisoprodol ...
马金双. 马兜铃科的地理分布及其系统[J]. 植物分类学报, 1990, 28(5): 345-355.
Ma Jin-Shuang. The Geographical Distribution and the System of Aristolochiaceae[J]. Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica, 1990, 28(5): 345-355.
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